Sunday, January 29, 2006
Cubans Honor National Hero Jose Marti
Saturday was the 153rd Anniversary of his Birth.
Havana, January 28 (RHC)-The Cuban people are honoring on Saturday National Hero Jose Marti on the ocassion of the 153rd anniversary of his birth with a number of activities celebrating his life and work.
This morning, some 4 000 Cuban school children marched to the Jose Marti Plaza in Havana to place flowers before his monument.
Work and educational centers across the island also carried out activities in honor of Cuba's most important independence leaders. Cuban students paid homage to Jose Marti with songs, poems, theater and dance performance dedicated to his life and work.
Meanwhile, university students awaited the 153rd anniversary of the National Hero Friday night at the Fragua Martiana cultural institution, located in Central Havana where young Marti was sentenced to forced labor for his independence ideas.
Jose Marti was born in Havana on January 28th, 1853. He dedicated a large part of his life towards Cuba's independence. At 16 years of age he was sentenced to forced labor for his ideas and after a few months of punishment he was deported to Spain where he graduated from Law, Philosophy and Literature.
After living in Mexico and Guatemana between 1875 and 1877, Marti returned to Cuba on September of 1878. He began his work for the island's independence with the support of Cuban emigres in New York, Tampa and Key West.
Jose Marti returned to Cuba and on May 19th, 1895 fell in combat in Dos Rios located in the eastern part of the island.
His death however, was not the end. The mambises (independence fighters) fought strongly against the Spanish army and almost defeated them until the United States got involved in the island's internal conflict.
During the US intervention, Jose Marti's example inspired the ideals of justice and independence during the republic, but above all was the main reason for the attack against the Moncada Garrison, headed by Fidel Castro which opened the way for the island's definitive independence.