Sunday, January 29, 2006

Cubans Honor National Hero Jose Marti



Saturday was the 153rd Anniversary of his Birth.

www.periodico26.cu

Havana, January 28 (RHC)-The Cuban people are honoring on Saturday National Hero Jose Marti on the ocassion of the 153rd anniversary of his birth with a number of activities celebrating his life and work.

This morning, some 4 000 Cuban school children marched to the Jose Marti Plaza in Havana to place flowers before his monument.

Work and educational centers across the island also carried out activities in honor of Cuba's most important independence leaders. Cuban students paid homage to Jose Marti with songs, poems, theater and dance performance dedicated to his life and work.

Meanwhile, university students awaited the 153rd anniversary of the National Hero Friday night at the Fragua Martiana cultural institution, located in Central Havana where young Marti was sentenced to forced labor for his independence ideas.

Jose Marti was born in Havana on January 28th, 1853. He dedicated a large part of his life towards Cuba's independence. At 16 years of age he was sentenced to forced labor for his ideas and after a few months of punishment he was deported to Spain where he graduated from Law, Philosophy and Literature.

After living in Mexico and Guatemana between 1875 and 1877, Marti returned to Cuba on September of 1878. He began his work for the island's independence with the support of Cuban emigres in New York, Tampa and Key West.

Jose Marti returned to Cuba and on May 19th, 1895 fell in combat in Dos Rios located in the eastern part of the island.

His death however, was not the end. The mambises (independence fighters) fought strongly against the Spanish army and almost defeated them until the United States got involved in the island's internal conflict.

During the US intervention, Jose Marti's example inspired the ideals of justice and independence during the republic, but above all was the main reason for the attack against the Moncada Garrison, headed by Fidel Castro which opened the way for the island's definitive independence.

4 comments:

MichaelBains said...

...definitive independence.

Heh.. That's funny. If it weren't so deadly a misapprehension of the definition of independance.

Marti died so young... {sigh}

The mambises (independence fighters) fought strongly against the Spanish army and almost defeated them until the United States got involved in the island's internal conflict.

The internal conflict was whether and how to break from external rule. The US should have backed the Islanders instead of just bristling at Spain and insinuating regional planning authority over a newly independant nation which, irrespective of the Cuban language, was not going to become a United State.

I tip my cap to Jose Marti.

I'd tell Castro to wake up and let his best minds out of "containment" and into his board room. The blockade has got to end and he is the only one who can effect that yet. There are no US presidential hopefuls that would dismantle it yet.

I hope yet doesn't last much longer, but not all Compromise is as dishonorable or devastating as Fidel seems to fear.

Cuba Journal said...

I agree with you that the embargo has to end. It has not brought "democracy" to Cuba, and it does not hurt Fidel, it hurts the Cuban people and American business people who are deprived of accesing a market that is only 90 miles away. The Canadians, the Japanese and the Europeans are laughing all the way to the bank. They have no competition.

But corrupt U.S. congressional politicians in Washington D.C., are always ready to accept "campaign contributions" (a.k.a. legal bribes) from the exiles in Miami, to keep tightening the embargo, which has been a monumental failure, and has been condemned by 182 countries at the United Nations.

MichaelBains said...

But corrupt U.S. congressional politicians in Washington D.C., are always ready to accept "campaign contributions" (a.k.a. legal bribes) from the exiles in Miami,

Yep. It may be more of an ideological thing than a simple, base corruption deal though. The problem with the "bribe takers" is that they are truly ignorant and, let's face it, incompetent to know what is the best course to steer US/Cuban relations as long as their Emotional Enemy, Castro, still holds dominion in Cuban politics.

I'm glad you stopped by Silly Humans because I just don't see Cuba-News all that often. This is a good site to me.

Cuba Journal said...

"...they are truly ignorant and, let's face it, incompetent to know what is the best course to steer US/Cuban relations..."

I agree 100%

I enjoyed visiting your blog.

Cheers!