Move a threat to some U.S. trademarks
By Matthew Haggman
Tucson, Arizona | Published: 09.03.2006
MIAMI — In 1918, the Aunt Jemima trademark was registered in Cuba, and even after Fidel Castro seized power in 1959, a steady stream of U.S. companies from Ace Hardware to United Airlines have continued to register their trademarks in the island nation.
Despite the decades-long U.S. economic embargo that precludes most trade with Cuba, more than 400 U.S. companies have registered in excess of 5,000 trademarks — everything from McDonald's Golden Arches to Nike's famed Swoosh and Pepsi. And until recently, Cuba had no problem registering and renewing trademarks in the United States.
Now some fear the recent U.S. refusal to renew the Havana Club rum trademark claimed by a Cuban joint venture and Bacardi's launch of Havana Club — a brand it also claims — has placed the delicate balance of respecting other nations' trademarks in jeopardy. The recent developments also raise the possibility of Cuban retaliation, experts say.
Bacardi's fight with Cubaexport, a Cuban company that partnered with French liquor giant Pernod Ricard in 1993 to sell the rum around the world, has been simmering in U.S. courts, Congress and in the World Trade Organization for a decade. But the United States' recent decision to invalidate Cubaexport's Havana Club trademark registration really fanned the flames.
"Our government has done a real injustice that will come back to bite a lot of other companies," said William A. Reinsch, president of the National Foreign Trade Council.
But Patricia Neal, a Bacardi spokeswoman, rejected the notion that the rum company's efforts endanger other companies' trademarks in Cuba. "All companies would fight to protect their brand," she said.
On Aug. 3, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office said the Havana Club trademark would be "canceled/expired," although Cubaexport had filed its renewal application correctly with a $500 fee and on time.
The Patent Office refused to accept the renewal after J. Robert McBrien, the acting director of the Office of Foreign Assets Control, wrote the office had received guidance from the U.S. State Department "informing us that it would be inconsistent with U.S. policy."
Now the recent Havana Club denial has raised concerns that Cuba could return the favor by canceling U.S. trademark registrations based on the communist nation's own policies.
Cuba could, for instance, cancel the trademarks for Levi's jeans or Heinz ketchup and sell its version in island stores. Those products could filter into other markets, too, harming U.S. companies that are trying to keep fakes off store shelves, said the National Foreign Trade Council.
"Someday Cuba could say, 'The heck with it, we will not honor any of these (U.S.) registrations, because you guys are not honoring ours,' " said Jesus Sanchelima, a Miami lawyer who has represented U.S. companies in trademark cases in Cuba.