Operation Peter Pan was a joint “operation” of the CIA and the top hierarchy of the Catholic Church in Cuba, which in the 1960's was heavily dominated and influenced by priests who supported Francisco Franco's Spain. They were rabid anti-communists.
Here is how their tall tale went: the Cuban revolutionary government is going to remove the right of parents to raise their own children. The kids would be rounded up by the Communists and shipped to the USSR for brainwashing and indoctrination. Thousands of parents, including my own mother and father, fell for this huge lie. The CIA has always been, and continues to this day, being excellent Masters of Deceit.
Thousands of unaccompanied children were sent to the U.S., which became the “savior” of Cuban children. I ended up in Portland, Oregon, with five other kids. The Catholic Portland Archdiocese and Catholic Charities made a tidy profit with the huge amounts of money provided by the Federal government.
Today, The Philadelphia Inquirer is still promoting this huge CIA operational deception. Thousands of Cuban children ended up in a dreaded 'orfelinato' where they were scarred for life. I never saw my father and brother again. They died after I left.