American companies controlled 80 to 100 percent of Cuba's utilities, mines, cattle ranches and oil refineries, 40 percent of the sugar industry and 50 percent of the public railways.
The [imposed] Platt Amendment permitted intervention in Cuba.
[JG: The American government planted that seed of anti-Yankee hatred in the island. They got what they richly deserved on January 1st. 1959, when Cuba finally became free.]
... Fidel Castro moved to set up a nationwide system of education, [health care], housing, and of land distribution to landless peasants. The government confiscated over a million acres of land from three American companies, including the United Fruit Company.
When Cuba signed a trade agreement with the Soviet Union, American-owned companies in Cuba refused to refine crude oil that came from the Soviet Union, Castro nationalized these companies.
[In 1961] the whole Bay of Pigs affair was accompanied by hypocrisy and lying. The invasion was a violation of the Charter of the Organization of American States which reads: “No state or group of states has the right to intervene, directly or indirectly, for any reason whatever, in the internal or external affairs of any other state.”
Source: “ A People's History of the United States: 1492 to Present”
By Howard Zinn
Paperback, Harper Perennial Modern Classics, New York, 2005
Originally published in 1980 as a hardback.