RIO DE JANEIRO, June 22 (BERNAMA-NNN-PRENSA LATINA) -- Cuban President Raul Castro on Thursday warned that global temperature rise will compromise integrity and physical existence of many countries and island nations, and will produce serious consequences to the Third World.
"Despite the milestone that marked the United Nations Convention on
Climate Change, emissions of carbon dioxide increased by 38 percent
between 1990 and 2009", he said at the plenary session of the Summit
United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, Rio 20.
"Now we are going towards an increase in global temperatures that will
risk, first, the integrity and physical existence of many island
developing States and produce serious consequences in Africa, Asia and
Latin America", he said.
Castro said, a detailed study made during the past five years by Cuban
scientific institutions, which coincided with the reports of the
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, forecast that "in this
century, if current trends continue, there will be a gradual and
significant elevation of sea level in the Cuban archipelago."
The forecast includes the intensification of extreme meteorologycal
events such as tropical cyclones and the increase of the ground water
salinisation, said Castro.
"All this will have serious consequences, especially on our coasts, so
we have initiated the adoption of appropriate measures, he added.
He indicated that this phenomenon would likewise have strong
geographic,demographic and economic implications to the Caribbean
islands, which also must face inequities of the international economic
system that excluded the smallest and most vulnerable.
In his speech, he also called on nations to seek solutions instead of
being selfish and giving explanations because "this time, all of us will
pay the consequences of climate change."
"The governments of industrialised countries acting this way should not
make the mistake of thinking that they can survive a little longer at
our expense," he said.
He stressed that "we are desperate for a major change, and said the
only alternative is to build more just societies, and to establish a
more equitable international order based on respect for the rights of
Castro added that it was necessary to ensure sustainable development of
nations, especially in the South, and to use science and technology for
saving the planet and human dignity.
-- BERNAMA-NNN-PRENSA LATINA